Saturday, April 27, 2019

The Day Jesus was Crucified


A Passover on Wednesday is the only day of the week that works with all Biblical accounts of the crucifixion. Yahshua was in the grave "three days and three nights" Matthew 12:40. From Wednesday just before sunset [even] to Saturday just before sunset [even] is three days and three nights. The fact that the day following Yahshua's crucifixion was a Sabbath (Mark 15:42, Luke 23:52-54, & John 19:31) does not prove He was crucified on a Friday. According to the Law of Moses, the day following Passover (which is also the first day of the feast of unleavened bread) is also, always a Sabbath day of rest to be observed like the 7th day weekly Sabbath no matter what day of the week it falls on. (See Leviticus 23:4-8, Numbers 28:16-18, and take special notice of John 19:31 again. The Sabbath immediately following Yahshua's crucifixion was no ordinary Sabbath.)

Understanding that it was a Wednesday Passover and crucifixion also solves apparent conflicts in the Gospel records. In Luke 23:55,56 it says that the women (Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James) went and prepared anointing spices and oils BEFORE the Sabbath. In Mark 16:1 it says that they bought them AFTER the Sabbath! The answer lies is in the fact that there are two different Sabbaths being referred to here. The women both bought and prepared the spices on the same day. The day of the week was Friday. When Mark says they bought the spices AFTER the Sabbath, the Sabbath he is referring to was the special Thursday Sabbath ...the first day of unleavened bread that followed the day of Passover. When Luke says they prepared the spices and then rested the Sabbath, the Sabbath he is referring to is Saturday ...the weekly Sabbath.
   
There is also proof found in Matthew 28:1 that there were two Sabbaths. Most Bible translations render this word "Sabbath" in the singular because translators, believing the traditional Friday crucifixion scenario, couldn't make any sense of the fact that the Greek manuscripts all render this word in the plural. This fact can be verified by anyone with a Greek interlinear translation or Greek lexicon. Matthew 28:1 therefore should read, "Now after the SABBATHS as the first day of the week began to dawn...".

Therefore, for all the records to add up it must be concluded that Yahshua was crucified on a Wednesday.


YearVernal EquinoxAstronomical New Moon
Conjunction
First evening of visible crescentDate of the first of Nisan14th day of Nisan (Passover)
  (On date, or first after vernal Equinox)(Julian calendar. Midnight to midnight)(Beginning at sundown the evening before...)(Beginning at sundown the evening before...)
26 A.D. Fri.    Mar. 22, 0*Sat.   Apr.    6,  7 a.m. Sun.    Apr.   7Mon.   Apr.  8Sun.   Apr.  21
27 A.D.Sun.  Mar. 23, 6 a.m.Wed. Mar. 26,  7 p.m.**Fri. Mar. 28Sat.    Mar. 29Fri. Apr. 11
28 A.D.Mon.  Mar. 22, noonTues. Apr. 13,   2 p.m.Wed.   Apr.  14Thurs. Apr.15Wed.   Apr. 28 
29 A.D.Tues. Mar. 22,  6 p.m.Sat.   Apr.   2,   7 p.m.**Mon.    Apr.    4Tues.  Apr.   5Mon.    Apr. 18
30 A.D.Wed. Mar. 22,  0*Wed. Mar. 22,  8 p.m.***Fri. Mar.  24Sat.    Mar. 25Fri. Apr.   7
31 A.D.Fri.    Mar. 23,  5 a.m.Tues. Apr.  10,  2 p.m.Wed.   Apr.   11Thurs. Apr.12Wed.   Apr.  25
32 A.D.Sat.   Mar. 22, 11 a.m.Sat.  Mar.  29, 10 p.m.**Mon. Mar.     31Tues.  Apr. 1Mon.    Apr.  14
33 A.D.Sun.  Mar. 22,  5 p.m.Fri.   Apr.  17,   9 p.m.**Sun.  Apr.      19Mon.   Apr. 20Sun.     May    3
34 A.D.Mon. Mar. 22,11 p.m.Wed. Apr.   7,   2 p.m.Thurs. Apr.     8Fri.     Apr.   9Thurs. Apr.  22


*     Midnight at the end of the given day.
**   Conjunction occurs too late in the day for crescent to be seen the next evening. 
*** Conjunction occurred on date of  Equinox actually preceding it by 4 hours.  But as noted above, it is the  visible crescent that established the 1st of Nisan which occurred on the 2nd evening after Equinox.

Notice: None of the other days from AD 26 - AD 34 allow for a Friday crucifiction and a Sunday resurrection if Jesus was born 3/2 B.C. and lived 33 !/2 years. the only date that fits is Wednesday April 25, 31 AD. That eliminates the only Friday listed which falls on 27 AD.  




Thursday, April 4, 2019

CELEBRATE THE PASSOVER?

EARLY CHURCH INCLUDING POLYCARP
CONTINUED TO CELEBRATE PASSOVER

Both Jewish believers and Gentile Christians in the Church at Jerusalem and Antioch, including Polycarp, a Church Father (80 - 167 CE) continued to celebrate the Passover on the 14th of Nisan and did so for the first two centuries. 

Polycarp (80 – 167 AD) a Church Father, who both Irenaeus and Tertullian state was a disciple of John the Apostle, was the bishop of Smyrna (69 - 155 CE) in Asia continued to celebrate Passover on the 14th day of the Jewish month of Nisan 14, the day that Jesus was crucified (John 19:14, 19:31, 19:42) as he had been taught by the Apostle John. The Church at Jerusalem and Antioch continued to celebrate Passover, while the churches in and around Rome changed the practice of keeping the Passover on the 14th of Abib/Nisan to celebrating Easter on the following Sunday calling it “the day of the resurrection of our Saviour”. Later they distanced the keeping of Easter from the week of the Passover so as to have nothing to do with the Jewish Passover.

Those who continued to celebrate the Passover on the 14th of Nisan were called Quartodecimani, Latin for “fourteenthers”, because of holding their celebration on the fourteenth day of Nisan.

Irenaeus says that Polycarp visited Rome when Anicetus was bishop (153 – 168 CE) and among the topics discussed was this divergence of custom, with Rome instituting the festival of Easter in place of the Passover.

Irenaeus noted: “Neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp not to observe what he had always observed with John the disciple of our Lord, and the other apostles with whom he had associated; neither could Polycarp persuade Anicetus to observe it - the Passover on the 14th of Abib.

According to Eusebius, in the last decade of the second century a number of synods were convened to deal with the ‘controversy’ of continuing to celebrate Passover on the 14th of Nisan, ruling unanimously that the celebration of Easter should be observed and be exclusively on Sunday, rejecting any keeping of the Passover.

One of these synods held in Rome in 193 CE was presided over by its Bishop Victor (Pope Victor I), who sent a letter about the matter to Polycrates of Ephesus and the churches of the Roman province of Asia. He ademately rejected any keeping of the Passover, and threatened to excommunicate those who kept the Passover.

Polycrates emphatically stated that he was following the tradition passed down to him:

“We observe the exact day [14th of Abib/Nisan]; neither adding, nor taking away. For in Asia also great lights have fallen asleep, which shall rise again on the day of the lord’s coming … All these observed the fourteenth day of the Passover according to the Gospel, deviating in no respect, but following the rule of faith. And I also, Polycrates, the least of you all, do according to the tradition of my relatives, some of whom I have closely followed. For seven of my relatives were bishops; and I am the eighth. And my relatives always observed the day when the people put away the leaven.”

Within the same year, Polycrates presided over a council at Ephesus attended by several bishops throughout that province, which rejected Victor’s authority and kept the province’s passover tradition.

Bishop Victor was so upset by Polycrates’ position regarding the continued observance of Passover on the 14th of Nisan that he sought to have him excommunicated from the church.

It is believed that the celebration of the Passover on the 14th of Nisan by the Church disappeared around the time of the First Ecumenical Council, held in 325 at Nicaea and was replaced by the celebration of Easter on a Sunday.

Note: Passover was kept by the lord Jesus on the night before his arrest and during the supper he did he following: And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake [it], and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. - Luke 22:19. 

Note: 1 Corinthians 11:24-25:  And when he had given thanks, he brake the bread, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: do this in remembrance of me.

After the same manner also [he took] the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do you, as often as you drink [it], in remembrance of me.

When should we do these things if not during the Passover meal on the 14th of Abib/Nisan, the same night the Jews today keep the Passover.

We are to remember what his death has done for us when he shed his blood and gave up his body to be crucified on the stake when we partake of the bread and the wine as symbols of his body and his blood shed for us.

We are to proclaim his resurrection as Paul and apostles did often, but there is no place in the bible that expresses that we are to keep a celebration of the day or evening he was resurrected.

We are however to remember his death until he returns!